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Pediatric Ear Infection Resource Center

Making it easier to prevent ear infections in childrenResults of a new study show the feasibility and efficacy of preventing otitis media (OM), and potentially treat OM recurrence, through the simple use of a Band-Aid to deliver a vaccine targeted at one of the most common pathogens responsible for OM.
Novel antimicrobial shows promise for children with AOMChildren with acute otitis media (AOM) are routinely and successfully treated with antimicrobials, with data showing that the combination of amoxicillin-clavulanate (A/C) to treat AOM in children aged younger than 3 years is associated with more favorable outcomes than placebo.
Familial link of OM requiring tympanostomy tubesA recent study found that there is a significant familial link in otitis media requiring tympanostomy tubes in both close and distant relatives, with shared environments possibly playing a role, given the fivefold increased risk seen in siblings.
Acute otitis media warrants 10 days of antibioticsEar infections remain a top reason for parents to bring their children to the pediatrician—and the top reason for antibiotic prescriptions among pediatric patients. Diagnosis and treatment methods vary, but a new study reveals that a 10-day course of treatment with antibiotics in cases of acute otitis media (AOM) may be the gold standard.
Watchful waiting is cost-effective in acute otitis mediaA recent study found that taking a watchful waiting approach when managing acute otitis media in qualifying children proves to be the more cost-effective strategy to follow.
COME in preschool-aged childrenA recent study found that pathogen exposure, upper respiratory tract infection (URI), and nasal obstruction all were associated with chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) in preschool-aged children, underscoring the need for improved methods in pathogen transmission prevention in this patient population.
Prenatal antibiotics increase risk of OM and ventilation tubes in childrenA recent study found that the maternal use of antibiotics during pregnancy appears to increase the risk of otitis media and the placement of ventilation tubes in the offspring, particularly when administered later in the pregnancy.
Limiting duration of antibiotics in OM limits their effectivenessTreating children with acute otitis media with amoxicillin-clavulanate for 5 days is less effective than following standard 10-day treatment, according to a study in 520 such children who were aged 6 to 23 months.
Why acute otitis media prevalence is decreasingResearchers say efforts to improve breastfeeding and vaccination rates, and reduce infants’ exposure to cigarette smoke are paying off—with acute otitis media prevalence reduced by more than 50% in some age groups.