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Journal Club

Simple screen for alcohol use disorderAsking teenagers how often they have consumed alcohol in the past year provides a simple screen for those at risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD), a study in 1193 adolescents in rural Pennsylvania showed.
“No strings” prenatal income support improves birth outcomesA study among low-income women receiving prenatal income support in the Canadian province of Manitoba found that this unique benefit—provided with no conditions—results in positive birth outcomes.
Phototherapy could be associated with neonatal cancerAlthough phototherapy is an established and valuable treatment for infants with neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, some investigations have raised concerns that the treatment is associated with cancer.
New antibody eases hemophilia treatmentA new antibody eases treatment of severe hemophilia A.
This smoking cessation intervention works!A new clinical decision support tool prompts clinicians to ask parents about secondhand smoke exposure, provides an electronic nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) prescription, and makes referrals for follow-up and further guidance.
Tdap booster in teens less effective after initial acellular vaccine seriesAn analysis of data on the incidence of pertussis shows that although acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine had a positive impact among adolescents in the 4 years after it was introduced in 2005, in 2010 pertussis incidence in this age group began to increase more rapidly than it did in all other age groups.
Mild gastroenteritis? Try dilute apple juice!Among children with mild gastroenteritis and minimal dehydration, initial oral hydration with dilute apple juice followed by preferred fluids is more beneficial than providing electrolyte maintenance solution, a large study in a pediatric emergency department (ED) in Canada found.
Cyclic vomiting syndrome and marijuana useMarijuana use can trigger recurrent cyclic vomiting in teenagers. Authors of a new report point out that 1 known cause of cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is chronic use of cannabis.
Parent mentors get uninsured kids insuredCompared with traditional Medicaid/Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) outreach, the use of parent mentors (PMs) raises rates of insured minority children and improves healthcare access along with providing other benefits—including cost effectiveness—a new study shows.
Too little sleep is tied to teenagers’ injury-related risk behaviorsHigh school students who report sleeping 7 hours or less on an average school night are significantly more likely than their peers who sleep up to 9 hours a night to engage in several injury-related risk behaviors: infrequent bicycle helmet use; infrequent seatbelt use; riding with a driver who has been drinking; drinking and driving; and texting while driving.

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