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    First national study of ADHD therapy in kids

    Fewer than half of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were receiving behavior therapy just before the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) released clinical practice guidelines in 2011, according to the first national study of behavior therapy, medication, and dietary supplements to treat ADHD in children aged 4 to 17 years.

    The findings of the study, which looked at parent-reported data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s 2009-2010 National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs, provide “an important benchmark for clinical practice” because data were gathered shortly before the AAP guideline, the researchers say.

    Read more: Are we medicalizing "the terrible 2s"?

    They found that 44% of children had received behavior therapy within the past year; 74% had been treated with medication in the past week; and 10.2% had taken dietary supplements for ADHD in the past year. Overall, 87.3% had received either behavior therapy or medication; 30.7% had received both; and 12.7% had received neither.

    Among preschoolers (aged 4 and 5 years), 31.9% had received behavior therapy alone; 25.4% medication alone; 21.2% both therapies; and 21.4% neither.

    The AAP guidelines recommend behavior therapy as first-line treatment for preschool children with the addition of short-acting methylphenidate if necessary to further improve ADHD symptoms. For children aged 6 to 17 years, the AAP recommends medication with or without behavior therapy or, preferably, a combination of both types of therapy, especially for elementary-school-aged children.

    NEXT: What was the most common treatment?

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