An 11-year-old girl asks her pediatrician about an asymptomatic birthmark on her right thigh that drains clear to slightly bloody-tinged fluid occasionally when scratched. It has increased in size proportionally as she has grown.
A father brings his 12-year-old son to the clinic for evaluation of a skin eruption that has been on the back of the boy’s neck for a year, but which just began to extend behind his ear. The rash is asymptomatic, and the otherwise healthy patient is annoyed that he has to spend a beautiful morning in a physician’s office.
The parents of a 4-year-old boy who lives in eastern Maryland near the Pennsylvania line are worried about an expanding rash on his back, which started as a small red bump a week ago following a summer picnic. The boy has had a low-grade fever and has not been acting like himself for a few days.
The parents of a healthy 6-month-old boy with eczema bring him to the office for evaluation of a rapidly progressive rash on his arms, legs, face, and back. He had a low-grade fever and loose stools for 2 days last week.
The parents of a healthy 11-month-old girl eagerly seek a consultation for a recurrent blistering brown bump on the baby’s right cheek, present since birth. Recently, the blistering episodes seem to be decreasing, although the bump continues to become bright red a few times a week.
The incidence of childhood melanoma is increasing. There is evidence that cumulative exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun in the first 18 years of life contributes to the development of future skin cancers.